As you can see from our prior investigation, history validates Scripture. But how can we connect the dots in the chronology of Scripture, and link it with our own time? Well, having shown how Yahweh works throughout both ancient and modern history in cycles of 7 and 49, it makes our job of connecting the dots a lot easier. And here is how we can do it:
There are four major keys to connecting Bible chronology with history and, as a result, also discovering the actual year of creation. Now these are not the only keys, for there are many other minor keys that can also help us. However, these are the major keys that we need to plug into―and they are essential.
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The first key to find the actual creation date is to find the true Messiah in Daniel 9. Daniel 9 contains a prophecy concerning 490 years leading to the time of the Messiah's coming, which was about 2000 years ago. More precisely, this prophecy was fulfilled from 457 BCE to 35 CE, with the Messiah crucified in the "midst of the week" (that is, the final week of the 70 week prophecy) in 31 CE. We know that the prophecy begins in 457 because the decree of Artaxerxes was issued in that year, and was soon afterwards carried out by Ezra as he returned to Jerusalem a few months later. For more information on this issue please look at this excerpt from chapter 7 of my book, Discovering the Jewish Messiah. I have also devoted a separate webpage to addressing that same issue,
The 70 Week prophecy covers 490 years, or 10 Jubilee cycles, from 457 BCE to 35 CE. The Messiah began his ministry in the last week of that prophecy, and was crucified in the midst of the final week.
I don't believe in this Christian Messiah!
Believe it or not, I can sympathize with your situation. To be honest with you, I don't believe in the Christian Messiah either! The Messiah I follow is the Jewish Messiah. So, if you are a Jew or one who follows Judaism, and also have problems accepting the Christian Messiah, then I have a pleasant surprise for you. If this is your belief, then I want you to go to the link below and return here to complete this study. Of course, if you are the typical Christian who believes that the Messiah came to do away with or change the Torah, and/or to introduce doctrines that contradict Torah, then I can assure you that
will be a very unpleasant surprise for you.
Seventh-Day Adventists have a similar view regarding the 70 week prophecy, as they also find the fulfillment of this prophecy extends from 457 BCE to 34/35 CE. However, they also link the prophecy of Daniel 9 with the 2300 day prophecy of Daniel 8, with a fulfillment for that which extends to the year 1844.
While this view of Daniel 8 is unique to Adventism, their view regarding Daniel 9 is not unique at all―as it is a well known Protestant interpretation. While I agree that the starting date of 457 BCE is still valid for the 70 weeks prophecy of Daniel 9, the idea that the 2300 days is connected to it and also starts at the same time is really not something which can be supported from Scripture. So, since my view of Daniel 9 is similar to the Adventist view, I find it is necessary for me to address this issue. Please review my brief study of this subject entitled Seventh-day Adventists and the 1844 Dilemma.
Once you find this first key (the Messiah), then you can find the second key (the Jubilees). The Messiah came in connection with a cycle of 490 years, which is actually based upon the Jubilee cycles. 490 years equals exactly 10 Jubilee cycles of 49 years each, with the 50th year being year one of the next cycle. [490 Years is also called a "Grand Jubilee Cycle."] If this 490-year cycle begins in the year 457 BCE, this makes 457 BCE a confirmed year of Jubilee. 132/33 CE is also a confirmed year of Jubilee, as it is connected with the Bar Kochba revolt. We know that the Bar Kochba revolt started in a Jubilee year because of a rental contract stipulating that the rent would last five fiscal yearsv(starting in year two of the revolt). That would make the seventh year of the revolt a sabbatical year.  In addition, it says the first year was: "On the first of Iyyar, Year 1 of the redemption of Israel by Simeon Bar Kosiba, prince of Israel"  Iyyar is the month which corresponds to April/May. The phrase "Year 1 of the redemption" certainly means the first year of the revolt, but it is also a significant clue clearly indicating another special year—a Jubilee Year. Based upon the phenomenon of Chronomessianism, the dating of events from “Year 1 of the redemption” clearly places that year in a year of Jubilee. Chronomessianism is simply the study of chronology as it was expected to align with Jubilee years. Simply put, in this belief system the Messiah was expected to come in the year of Jubilee. This was a fairly common understanding of the Jews even 2000 years ago. Of course, if they had been more careful in their study of Daniel 9, they would have realized that Messiah is "cut off" in the midst of the week leading up to the year of Jubilee. More information about this key Discover Jewish Messiah Chap. 10 can be found here.
The third key is to realize that the Sabbatical cycles extend even as far back as the time of creation. There is extensive evidence that the Sabbatical and Jubilee cycles began at creation, just as the weekly cycles did. We know this not only because of the obvious parallels between the Sabbatical and weekly cycles, but also because of the extensive alignments between key events (both ancient and modern) and the Jubilee cycles. Based upon my research, the flood ended during a year of Jubilee, Shem and Isaac were born in a year of Jubilee, and the Hebrews were set free from Egyptian bondage during a Jubilee year. Actually, I have found that there are at least 10 confirmed alignments between the Biblical chronologies and the Jubilee cycles. Please go here to find more detailed information pertaining to some of these alignments, or you can take in an overview of the Jubilee Calendar in the Jubilee Calendar Synopsis
The fourth key is to find the year of the Exodus. If we knew the year of the Exodus, we should be able to trace the Jubilee cycles all the way back to the year of creation―simply because the chronology prior to that date is generally stable, and we also now know (because of the Jubilee code) that the Exodus took place in a year of Jubilee. The problem with Biblical chronology is that after the Exodus, and certainly after the building of Solomon's temple, the chronology of the Hebrew judges and kings becomes severely fragmented and uncertain. To overcome this problem, however, is not so difficult after all. While at this point there is no chronological or historical basis upon which to assign an exact year date to the Exodus, we can determine that date through another method―provided that we can determine the approximate time of the Exodus, and certainly the century in which it occurred.
Here is the first page of the actual Jubilee Calendar, from an Excel file published here on this website.
Please recall from our study of the Amazing Mathematical Alignments and the Jubilee Calendar Synopsis that the exodus actually takes place in a year of Jubilee. So, we can narrow down the time of the Exodus. As a result, the fourth key can be literally found at the bottom of the Red Sea. Because of the research of amateur archeologist Ron Wyatt, we have conclusive evidence that there really was a Red Sea crossing by the Israelites, and that the Egyptian army was drowned in the Red Sea at the gulf of Aqaba near Nuweiba (not the sea of reeds, as many suppose). At the bottom of the Red Sea, Ron found chariots, chariot wheels, and skeletal remains. The key evidence for us to consider is the 8-spoke chariot wheels that he found. Eight-spoke chariot wheels were only created and used during the 18th Egyptian dynasty. The 18th dynasty extends from about 1550 BCE to about 1400 BCE, and chariot wheels with 8 spokes were an innovation that were discontinued after about 1400 BCE. Therefore, the only likely candidate for the pharaoh of the Exodus during that time would be Amenhotep II, whose father Thutmose III died after a reign of 54 years (which is the only reign that allows Moses 40 years exile in Arabia). Amenhotep II reigned from "1454 BC in the high chronology." till about 22 years later (based upon the examination of his remains, which indicate a man of about 40 years of age). Amenhotep II began to reign at the age of 18 years, which, when subtracted from the estimated 40 years of age, indicates a total reign of about 22 years. That places the close estimate for his death (based upon chronological research) about the year 1432 BCE, which would be about four years after the actual time of the Exodus as determined by the Jubilee code (1436 BCE). Taking into account the Jubilee code, the actual length of his reign would have been 18 years (based upon this chronology), with his death taking place at the time of the exodus. The 18th dynasty pharaohs reigned from about 1550 to 1400 BCE, but archeological evidence narrows the time down even further, as it finds only one likely candidate for the Pharaoh of the Exodus. That Pharaoh would have had to have been Amenhotep II, and this would have been at the latter half of that dynasty, in the mid 1400's BCE.
Did Pharaoh drown when he attempted to cross the Red Sea? And if so, how could his body be in one of the pyramids? Also, this information shows a four year difference between the exodus date (1436 BCE) and the death of Pharaoh (1432 BCE). So how does one explain a four year difference?
The evidence from Scripture indicates that Pharaoh crossed the Red Sea with his men, and died along with every single one of his men:
This text is not conclusive, however, since it doesn't specifically speak of what happened to Pharaoh. So let us look at another text which is more specific:
If the "horse of Pharaoh" went in with his "chariots," the logical conclusion is that Pharaoh also went into the sea and drowned with his men. But, we now have another dilemma―how could his body also be discovered by archeologists today, within one of the pyramids, if it was lost in the Red Sea? Here is the answer:
If the Egyptians were found dead along the shore, it is very likely that they also found Pharaoh and had him buried in his tomb.
But what of the difference in dates? Well, that is rather easy to explain. The date of 1432 BCE is merely an estimate based upon the examination of his remains as compared to chronological information. There is no way to conclusively identify (through this method) his actual lifespan, although they can obtain a close estimate. The fact that Egyptian chronology can use such data to come within about four years of our proposed exodus date (1436 BCE) is quite amazing!
Did it all really happen?
Many historians have attempted to either minimize or even dismiss the idea of an Exodus from Egypt by the sons of Jacob ― teaching that it is (at best) a greatly exaggerated account of wandering Hyksos foreigners in the land of Egypt. They typically say things like there is "absolutely no evidence whatsoever that Hebrew Jews lived as slaves in Egypt or of their Exodus from Egypt. . . . not one shred of evidence." See Link Here. And Here. Just remember, these links are to presentations which are a mix of truth and error--we know of the sins of church and state, and how they have used mythos to confuse the people.
What is the problem? One big problem is that in their zeal to expose the evils of institutional religion (whether Christianity or Judaism), they throw the baby out with the bathwater. Since they have heard so many lies coming from religious leaders, they assume that the stories from the Bible itself are lies ― and therefore seek to debunk those as well. In other words, they have an agenda. Another major problem is that tradition continually gets in the way of valid scientific, archeological, and historical research. Many researchers are confused regarding the dating of Biblical events, and they are looking for evidence in the wrong time ― the Exodus took place near the end of the 18th dynasty (1400 BCE) not the 16th century, nor the 13th century BCE. They can't find evidence of a Red Sea crossing because they are looking for it in the "Sea of Reeds" instead of the beach-head near Nuweiba on the actual Red Sea! They can't find the true Mt. Sinai because they are looking at the place where Constantine's mother said it was (the misnamed Sinai Peninsula), instead of Arabia, in the land of Midian, as the Bible itself plainly says.
"For this Agar is mount Sinai in Arabia, and answereth to Jerusalem which now is, and is in bondage with her children." (Galatians 4:25)
And they cannot find evidence of a wandering band of Hebrews, because they are looking in the current day Sinai, instead of Saudia Arabia where those actual archeological finds can be (and have been) found. The photographic evidence of the Exodus presented here on this website is a mere fraction of what is actually available for all to see, as much more evidence can be found on the Wyatt Archeological Research (WAR) website.
Conclusion: The discovery of chariot wheels at the bottom of the Red Sea not only confirms the Exodus account as true and faithful, but it also confirms divine intervention on the part of Yahweh Almighty. With one stroke not only do we confirm the date of the Exodus, not only do we confirm the historical facts of the Exodus of the Hebrews from Egypt, but we also confirm the miracles of the Bible―for how does one account for chariot wheels at the bottom of the Red Sea? The Egyptians had no reason to cast hundreds of valuable chariots into the Red Sea! But here is the key point: the Egyptians had boats, but did not possess amphibious chariots! The only reason these chariots could possibly be there is if the sea opened up to allow them to go there!!! That would require something very much like a miracle.
Here is the place where the Hebrews crossed over the Red Sea, near Nuweiba. In this place, under the Red Sea, we find four-spoke and eight-spoke chariot wheels in the exact place where the Hebrews crossed over.
Most biblical scholars today estimate the date of the Exodus to be 1447 BCE, but the closest Jubilee year to that would be 1437/1436 BCE, which would still fit with the archeological evidence. 1437 would be the year of the plagues, and 1436 BCE (in the spring) would then be the actual year of the Exodus. Since we know from our previous research that the Exodus took place during a year of Jubilee, and since we are able to determine when the Jubilee year for the latter half of the 18th dynasty was, we can, therefore, calculate the Genesis chronology back to the year of creation.
These, then, are the four major keys to finding the year of creation: #1, Use the prophecy of Daniel chapter 9 to determine the timing of the Messiah's first coming. #2, Realize that Daniel 9 is based on the Jubilee cycles. #3, Realize (based upon amazing alignments of key Biblical events) that the Sabbaticals and Jubilee cycles extend from the time of the creation to the time of the Exodus and beyond. And #4, Find the exact year of the Exodus based upon modern archeology (especially because of the 8 spoke chariot wheels found at the bottom of the Red Sea). Find the general timeframe of the Exodus, and since it had to have happened in a year of Jubilee―we then can determine the year of the Exodus. Once we are certain of the year of the Exodus, we can then use the chronological information in the book of Genesis, from creation to the Exodus, and can find the year of creation. And it is that simple!
According to the chronology of Genesis, the Exodus actually took place in the year of Jubilee. There are 1666 years (34 Jubilee cycles) between the creation and the Flood. While the number given in Scripture actually indicates 1656 years, we can rightfully allow for an additional one year for each of the 10 generations prior to the flood. [Chronologists may allow for a difference of up to one year in all chronological accounts. Please reference a more complete explanation regarding this in the article A Newly Revised Bible Chronology , in the "Notes" section.] We know this because the birth of Shem to the year that the flood ended equals 98 years, or two Jubilee cycles (Genesis 11:10). We also know this because the text of Genesis 7:6 when compared with 7:11 shows that prior to the flood they were actually counting their years from the start of the calendar year immediately after their birth. There are 392 years between the flood and the birth of Isaac (8 Jubilee cycles) which, when added to the 98 years is equal to 490 years (what is called a "Grand Jubilee Cycle"). And there are 490 years between the birth of Isaac and the Exodus (another Grand Jubilee Cycle of 10 cycles). Isaac to Jacob = 60 years, and the 430 years of sojourning extending from Jacobs birth to the Exodus. That places the Exodus in a year of Jubilee. Since we know of two confirmed Jubilees (457/456 BCE, based upon the prophecy of Daniel 9 and 132/133 BCE, based upon the Bar Kochba revolt starting in that year) it is simply a matter of tracing Jubilees back from the general time of the Exodus. Since we are certain that the Exodus had to have taken place in the 18th Egyptian dynasty, and in fact during the reign of Amenhotep II, that gives us a precise year for the Exodus―1437/36 BCE. There are 52 Jubilee cycles (34+8+10) of 49 years each prior to the year of the Exodus. 52 X 49 = 2548 years from the creation to the Exodus. 2548 + 1437 = 3985 BCE, which would be the year of creation.
Based upon my extensive research on these Jubilee cycles, I can state with almost complete certainty that 3985 BCE is the year of creation, and 2015 CE will be the beginning of the 6000th year of history (based upon this very-well documented timeline). Assuming that the last millennium begins one year later, the year 2016 CE (on Tishri 1, in the fall) will be the beginning of the last 1000 years. The countdown shown along the sidebar is not to the end of the world (as some have supposed) but to the beginning of the 6000th year, based upon the Jubilee Calendar (the visible crescent, Jerusalem time and ending at sunset). This is about a seven-year countdown from our current date (2008). About one year later, the seventh millennium should begin.
A printable version (pdf) of this basic four point presentation can be found here:
While I believe that these links are important and informative, I do not necessarily hold to all the views expressed by the individuals I am citing as authoritative on these subjects.--W. Glenn Moore